tunisia climate wikipedia

[72] The Al Hamra theater was the second theater to be opened in Tunis, situated on El Jazira Road. The Ottoman Uluç Ali Reis, at the head of an army of janissaries and Kabyles, retook Tunis in 1569. Among the places of worship, they are predominantly Muslim mosques. During this period, one of the famous travellers to Tunis was Ibn Battuta. The new building contains a reading room, conference room, laboratories, an exhibition gallery, a block of technical and administrative services, a restaurant, a parking and green space areas. Imen Haouari, « Pluies torrentielles sur la capitale ». Domestic architecture (palaces and townhouses), official and civilian (libraries and administrations), religious (mosques and zaouïas) and services (commercial and fondouks) are located in the Medina. It lies between latitudes 30° and 38°N, and longitudes 7° and 12°E. Because of population pressure and the rate of migration to the capital, the city continued to grow, even with the creation of new districts in the suburbs. The capital is home to a large number of mosques in various architectural styles, signs of construction of their respective eras. In the early 14th century, Hafsid Darba Abû al-Muhammad al-Mustansir Lihyânî ordered the construction of a second chamber including the Medina and two suburbs outside. South-east of the Avenue Bourguiba the district of La Petite Sicile (Little Sicily) is adjacent to the old port area and takes its name from its original population of workers from Italy. Tunis holds some of the most prestigious musical institutions in the country. Tunis was one of the first towns in the region to fall under Carthaginian control, and in the centuries that followed Tunis was mentioned in the military histories associated with Carthage. The Station ID for Tunis Carthage is 11515111. Still further north of the Belvedere Park, behind the Boulevard of 7 November are the neighborhoods of El Menzah and El Manar now reaching the peaks of the hills overlooking the north of the town. The films The English Patient (1996) and The Last Days of Pompeii (2003) were also shot in studios in Tunis. In 1990, Ferid Boughedir shot the notable film Halfaouine Child of the Terraces in Halfaouine district. In his travel account, when Ibn Battuta and his group arrived in Tunis, the population of the city came out to meet him and the other the members of his party. At midday on 20 May 1943, the Allies held a victory parade on Avenue Maréchal Galliéni, and Avenue Jules Ferry, to signal the end of fighting in North Africa. Demographics The climate here is classified as Csa by the Köppen-Geiger system. It was completely rebuilt in 864 and is a prestigious place of worship, and was long an important place of culture and knowledge with the University of Ez-Zitouna on the premises until the independence of Tunisia. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. الكرم Continuing to the north are the most exclusive neighborhoods of Mutuelleville which house the French Lycée Pierre-Mendès-France, the Sheraton Hotel and some embassies. At the same time, driven by the reconquest of Spain, the first Andalusian Muslims and Jews arrived in Tunis and would become of importance to the economic prosperity of the Hafsid capital and the development of its intellectual life.[15]. The climate can be divided into two major areas, the north, influenced by the Mediterranean, and the south, influenced by the Saharan desert. They support a range of residential and commercial buildings. It is bordered by Algeria on the west and Libya on the south east. The Medina also has a social sectorization: with the neighborhood of Tourbet el Bey and the Kasbah district being aristocratic, with a population of judges and politicians, while the streets of Pacha often being military and bourgeois. [66] The park covers an area of more than one hundred hectares across roads that can be explored on foot or by car. Mongi Gharbi, « Trombes d'eau sur Tunis et certains gouvernorats du pays », "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010", "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie", "Tunis-Carthage Climate Normals 1961–1990", Constitution de la République tunisienne (Jurisite Tunisie), http://www.legislation.tn/sites/default/files/news/constitution-b-a-t.pdf, Budget de la municipalité de Tunis pour l'année 2008 (Municipalité de Tunis), Arrondissements municipaux (Municipalité de Tunis), Population, répartition proportionnelle et taux d'accroissement par gouvernorat (Institut national de la statistique), Stratégie de développement de la ville de Tunis (Municipalité de Tunis), Fiche de présentation de la médina (Association de sauvegarde de la médina de Tunis), Entretien avec Jamila Binous sur la médina de Tunis (TV5), Promenade de Marie-Ange Nardi et Lotfi Bahri dans les souks de Tunis (TV5), "Contextuality, Contextualization, and the New Christians of Tunis", "Saudi Aramco World : The Musical Pulse of Tunisia", Musique et conservatoires (Municipalité de Tunis), "The Cultural Importance Of The Tunisian Carthage Film Festival", "The Carthage Film Festival celebrates its 50th birthday", Statistiques officielles (Ministère de l'éducation nationale), Chokri Ben Nessir, « Une véritable requalification routière ». The winters are rainier than the summers in Tunis. At the beginning of the 21st century, the Medina is one of the best preserved urban locations in the Arab world.[58]. In the south, the climate is hot, arid desert. It is the oldest public park in the country and is built in the landscape style common to France. [72] The National School of Circus Arts was founded following a meeting between the Director of the National Theater and the Director General of the National Center for Arts of Châlons-en-Champagne (France) in 1998. Although some palaces and houses date back to the Middle Ages, a greater number of prestigious houses were built in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries such as Dar Othman (early 17th century), Dar Ben Abdallah (18th century), Dar Hussein, Dar Cherif and other houses. North of the Avenue Bourguiba is the district of La Fayette, which is still home to the Great Synagogue of Tunis and the Habib Thameur Gardens, built on the site of an ancient Jewish cemetery which lay outside the walls. Country: Tunisia, City: Sousse. (climate and weather in tunisia) A jagged spit of land extending from the Mediterranean Sea into North Africa, sandwiched between Algeria and Libya, Tunisia is a popular package tour destination offering hot, sunny beach holidays and excursions into the Sahara desert. The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. Tunis is the transcription of the Arabic name تونس which can be pronounced as "Tūnus", "Tūnas", or "Tūnis". The Olympic stadium and village area was built to accommodate the Mediterranean Games in 1967. All three variations were mentioned by the Greek-Syrian geographer al-Rumi Yaqout in his Mu'jam al-Bûldan (Dictionary of Countries). As of 2020[update], it is the fourth-largest city in the Maghreb region (after Casablanca and Algiers and Tripoli) and the sixteenth-largest in the Arab world. On 3 July 2018, the head of the Ennahdha list Souad Abderrahim was elected by the council as the new mayor of the capital. These writers belonged to peoples in competition, and often in conflict, with Carthage. The Tunis area is served by the métro léger (Ar. As all of these Berber villages were situated on Roman roads, they undoubtedly served as rest-stations or stops. World Map. For its part, the south light-rail line was extended in November 2008 to El Mourouj with a length of 6.8 kilometres (4.2 miles). In March temperatures may vary between 8 °C (46 °F) and 18 °C (64 °F), and between 13 °C (55 °F) and 24 °C (75 °F) in May. Climate - Tunisia. The Museum of the National Movement is situated in Dar Maâkal Az-Zaïm, which was the residence of nationalist Habib Bourguiba for the entirety of the fight for independence. The first took place on 9 June 1907, between teams from Lycée Alaoui and Lycée Carnot (1–1). سيدي بوسعيد, © Climate-Data.org / AM OP / OpenStreetMap contributors, Tunis Weather by month // weather averages. The Arab League, which represents 22 Arab nations, transferred its headquarters to Tunis in 1979 because of Egypt's peace with Israel but has been headquartered back in Egypt since 1990. In total, there are three Greek Orthodox and two Russian Orthodox parishes in Tunisia. Revenues are generated by the proceeds of taxes on buildings and vacant lots, fees for the rental of municipal property, income from the operation of the public, advertising, and that the fact that the municipality has capital shares in some companies. Founded in 698 is the Al-Zaytuna Mosque and the surrounding area which developed throughout the Middle Ages,[57] dividing Tunis into a main town in two suburbs, in the north (Bab Souika) and the south (Bab El Jazira). Tunis also benefited from French construction of a water supply, natural gas and electricity networks, public transport services and other public infrastructure. The victory against the corsairs is recorded in a tapestry at the Royal Palace of Madrid. The Mediterranean Sea joins Tunisia in the north and east; the coastline of Tunisia on the Mediterranean Sea is about 1,300 km. The greater metropolitan area of Tunis, often referred to as "Grand Tunis", has about 2,700,000 inhabitants. In Tunisia, the climate is Mediterranean on the northern coast, with mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summers, while it is semi-desert or desert in inland areas. The Théâtre municipal de Tunis, opened on 20 November 1902, showcases opera, ballet, symphonic concerts, drama, etc. On the stage of this theater, many performances are regularly given by Tunisian, Arabic and international actors. [74] The first screenings were held the following year and the first cinema, the Omnia Pathé, opened in October 1908. Bab Cartagena gave access to Carthage, important for bringing in construction materials needed for the city. Tourism also provides a significant portion of the city's income. Further east by the sea lie the suburbs of Carthage, La Marsa, and Sidi Bou Said. It therefore has the highest concentration of students in Tunisia, with a student population of 75,597 as of 2006[update].[77]. Climate information for Tunisia including average temperature, rain and snowfall totals. The 2005 World Championship final for men in team handball was played in Tunis. The Arab geographer El Yacoubi has written that in the 9th century Tunis was surrounded by a wall of brick and clay except the side of the sea where it was stone. Taking advantage of divisions within the ruling house, Algerians captured Tunis in 1756 and put the country under supervision. In addition, various small theatres and cultural centres are scattered throughout the city and display various artistic performances. Tunisia is famous for hot and dry summers and mild winters in most regions. Such an operation would require the upgrading of the docks' TGM stations so that they become suitable for light rail trains. According to the Mercer 2017 Cost of Living Rankings, Tunis has the lowest cost of living for expatriates in the world. It took some time to run properly but soon organized meetings between the teams in schools. On both sides of the tree lines avenue, north and south, the city was extended in various districts, with the northern end welcoming residential and business districts while the south receives industrial districts and poorer peoples. [18] In 1048 the Zirid ruler Al-Muizz ibn Badis rejected his city's obedience to the Fatimids and re-established Sunni rites throughout all of Ifriqiya. Average weather, temperature, rainfall, when to go, what to pack. Since national independence, the government of Tunisia has encouraged tourism projects and resorts in the Saharan region. The first film club opened in Tunis in 1946 and the Globe, in 1965. It still hosts the main ceremonies marking the dates on the Muslim calendar and is regularly attended by the president. [278] Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. temperatures, humidity and precipation. Bab Souika (initially known as Bab El Saqqayin) had a strategic role to keep the roads to Bizerte, Béja and Le Kef. The main company that operates it is one of the oldest in the country and they are generally descendants of Andalusian immigrants expelled from Spain. The city quickly spread out of its fortifications: it divided into a traditional Arab-populated old city, and a new city populated by immigrants, with a different structure from that of the traditional medina. Many protests took place during the Arab Spring of 2011–12. The economic structure of Tunis, as well as that of the country, is overwhelmingly tertiary industry. With the development of the capital under the reign of the Hafsids, two emerging suburbs grew outside the walls; Bab El Jazira in the south and Bab Souika to the north. April is an agreeable spring month in Tunis, Tunisia, with temperature in the range of an average high of 22.4°C (72.3°F) and an average low of 12.8°C (55°F). Chokri Gharbi, La métamorphose d'une capitale au cœur de la Méditerranée. In 1270 the city was taken briefly by Louis IX of France, who was hoping to convert the Hafsid sovereign to Christianity. The capital is also linked to its northern suburbs by the railway line that crosses the lake, dividing the lake into two. [85] In this context, major road infrastructure (bridges, interchanges, roads, etc..) was initiated in the late 1990s to decongest the main areas of the capital. As for El Bab Bhar, it allowed access to some funduqs where Christian merchants lived in Tunis. An abrupt southward turn of the Mediterranean coast in northern Tunisia gives the country two distinctive Mediterranean coasts, west–east in the north, and north–south in the east. [48] It reflects the improved financial situation of the municipality, the year 2007 was a year registering a surplus in resources that allowed the settlement of debts of the municipality and the strengthening of its credibility with respect its suppliers and public and private partners. About 448 mm | 17.6 inch of precipitation falls annually. There are also some mentions in ancient Roman sources of such names of nearby towns as Tuniza (now El Kala), Thunusuda (now Sidi-Meskin), Thinissut (now Bir Bouregba), and Thunisa (now Ras Jebel). The Palestine Liberation Organization also had its headquarters in Tunis, from 1982 to 2003. In 1228, Governor Abu Zakariya seized power and, a year later, took the title of Emir and founded the Hafsid dynasty. Some of the meteorological variables that are commonly measured are temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind, and precipitation. The mosque in the Kasbah, was founded in 1230. The winters are rainier than the summers in Tunis. When the Arab Muslim troops conquered the region at the end of the 7th century, they established themselves at the outskirts of ancient Tunes, and the small town soon became the city of Tunis that could easily be taken for an Arab foundation. رانة The city became the capital of a Hafsid kingdom stretching towards Tripoli and Fez. You can expect the combination of African and Mediterranean climate. Under Articles 43 and 24 of the Constitution of 1959,[46] Tunis and its suburbs host the national institutions: the Presidential Palace, which is known as Carthage Palace, residence of the President of Tunisia, the Chamber of Deputies and the Chamber of Advisors and parliament, the Constitutional Council and the main judicial institutions and public bodies. The best time of year to visit Tunis in Tunisia. [71] The National Theatre of Tunisia is an important public enterprise in Tunis,[72] and since 1988 been located in the Khaznadar palace (dating from the middle of the 19th century and situated in the Halfaouine quarter), renamed "Theater Palace." [32] Five Japanese, two Colombians, and visitors from Italy, Poland, and Spain were among the dead. Tunisia's climate is hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) in the north, where winters are mild with moderate rainfall and summers are hot and dry. The city spilled outside the area of the earlier town and the banks of the lake, and the new districts were modernised with running water (1860), lighting gas (1872), roads, waste collection (1873), and communication with adjacent suburbs and the city centre. Frosts are rare. Judaism, meanwhile, enjoys a long tradition of presence in the city despite the emigration of a large part of the community after independence. During the Almohad and Hafsid periods Tunis was one of the richest and grandest cities in the Islamic world, with a population of about 100,000. The city had the natural advantage of coastal access, via the Mediterranean, to the major ports of southern Europe. Between 1928 and 1955 the city hosted nine rounds of the Grand Prix of Tunis, where notable drivers such as Marcel Lehoux, Achille Varzi, Tazio Nuvolari and Rudolf Caracciola took part. In Greater Tunis, the proportion of young unemployed is at 35%.[52]. Charles, suffering losses from the corsairs operating out of Djerba, Tunis, and Algiers, agreed to reinstate Mulai Hassan in exchange for his acceptance of Spanish suzerainty. Because of the concentration of political authority (headquarters of the central government, presidency, parliament, ministries and central government) and culture (festivals and mainstream media), Tunis is the only nationally ranking metropolis. These include Jebel Jelloud, located in the south-east of Tunis, which concentrates on the heavy industry of cement production, the treatment plant of phosphate s, etc. Tunisia is situated on the Mediterranean coast of Northwest Africa, midway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Nile Delta. It is known for its essences and perfumes. North of the Al-Zaytuna Mosque is the Souk El Attarine, built in the early 18th century. The main palace beys are those of La Marsa, Bardo and Ksar Said. [25] During the later 19th century, Tunis became increasingly populated by Europeans, particularly the French, and immigration dramatically increased the size of the city. Furthermore, along the boulevards, the contribution of the architectural period 1850–1950 can be felt in the buildings, such as the government buildings of the nine ministries and the headquarters of the municipality of Tunis. At the beginning of the 18th century, Tunisia entered into a new period in its history with the advent of the Husainid dynasty. Resources listed below summarize existing information on climate change impacts and greenhouse gas emissions in Tunisia. To the west of the park lies the district of El Omrane which holds the main Muslim cemetery in the capital and the warehouses of public transport. Built in 1692, it resembles the Ottoman Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul. Also to the north is the long Avenue Mohamed V, which leads to the Boulevard of 7 November through the neighborhood of the big banks where there are hotels and Abu Nawas Lake and finally to the Belvedere area around the place Pasteur. [70] This group contributed to the rise to stardom of numerous Tunisian singers, including Oulaya. The education level is only exceeded by the neighbouring governorate of Ariana which has many institutions of education. In the middle there is a square where the former slave market stood until the middle of the 19th century. The total length of the network will eventually be in the range of 84 km (52 mi). The creation of the French protectorate in 1881 was a turning point in Tunis's history, leading to rapid redevelopment of the city in the span of two to three decades. The Carthage Film Festival is the oldest established film festival in Africa, running biennially until 2014 and annually thereafter. The project is going through planning. Its collections developed rapidly, thanks to numerous archaeological discoveries in the surrounding territory. The Esperance Sportive de Tunis (EST), Club Africain (CA), and Stade Tunisien are the major sports clubs in the city. Given the valuable items it sells, it is the only souk whose doors are closed and guarded during the night. Tunis has some large parks, many of which were installed at the end of the 19th century by the authorities of the French protectorate. Abu Yahya arrived on horseback, where all of his relatives joined him. The temperatures are mild along the coast. 1881 - French troops occupy Tunis. In addition to some 200 bus routes, the first light rail line opened in 1985. [53] The urban unemployment rate of university graduates is increasing and the illiteracy rate remains high among the elderly (27% of women and 12% of men). In spring, rainfall declines by half. The local climate is also affected somewhat by the latitude of the city, the moderating influence of … [28] Winter rains sustain shrublands and dry woodlands that form a transition between the Mediterranean climate regions to the north and the hyper-arid Sahara proper to the south. At the same time, an active policy of industrialization is developing the municipal economy. Following the municipal elections of 6 May 2018, Ennahdha obtained 21 seats out of 60. Unlike Algiers, Palermo and Naples, its historical heart has never suffered from major natural disasters or urban radical interventions. The gaps created by their departure were filled by Tunisians who emigrated to Tunis from other parts of the country. The south is semiarid, and merges into the Sahara. In its exposition halls it holds numerous traditional items, witnesses of the everyday lives of families of the Medina quarter. The revised Tunisian Constitution of 2014 similarly provides that the National Assembly is to sit in Tunis (article 51) and that the Presidency is based there (article 73).[47]. The climate of Tunisia varies with location but the north is mainly temperate and it has mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. This changes southward to semiarid conditions on the steppes and to desert in the far south. During World War II, Tunis was held by Axis forces from November 1942 to May 1943. In 1955 he placed his student Mohamed Saâda in charge of the ensemble, which at that time included the best artists, and later merged with the ensemble of Radio Tunis. After the performance, the people returned to their homes.[20]. Tunisia is also bordered by Algeria to the west and Libya to the south-east. The city holds several festivals each year, of which the largest is the International Festival of Carthage which takes place in July and August. The Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria also maintains jurisdiction in Tunisia. From the beginning of the 8th century Tunis was the chef-lieu of the area: it became the Arabs' naval base in the western Mediterranean Sea, and took on considerable military importance. Climate information about Tunis including avg. In 1993, it also took possession of the former movie theater Le Paris, with a 350-person seating capacity. He felt very lonely and could not hold back the tears coming from his eyes. The areas of northern Tunisia that draw the most tourists have a typical Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild, occasionally rainy winters.

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